In addition, they demand the elimination of all copies of the image and a public apology. I haven't found a response from the magazine yet.
The drawing shows Benjamin Netanyahu, Israeli Prime Minister pushing a coffin covered with the flag of the Palestinian National Authority into an oven.
On the wall, you can read the motto that appeared at the entrance of the Auschwitz extermination camp, "Arbeit Macht Frei", "Work will set you free".
A copy of the letter to the editor of the weekly Sabado was also sent to the Prime Minister of Portugal, the Ambassador of Portugal to Israel, the Prime Minister of Israel and the Ambassador of Israel to Portugal, among others .
Btsalmo chief Shai Glick points out in his letter that the drawing offends all the Jewish people and that it is also a denial and minimizes the Holocaust according to the official definition of anti-Semitism of the International Alliance for the Memory of the Holocaust (IHRA).
Charges of anti-Semitism in cartoons are one of the most common causes of conflict.
Follow this link to more than 140 cases where cartooning is threatened in different countries.
* On 18 November 2019 the US administration declared that Israeli settlements would no longer be considered illegal, a break with international law, previous US policy and the position of most US allies.
- Cartoon Movement, which featured the cartoon on their website, responds to the controversy:
It has been a week full of controversies here at Cartoon Movement. We are used to them, as cartoons always tend to offend someone, and creating provoking images is a very effective way to make people think.
As editor of Cartoon Movement, I do not always agree with the visual choices of cartoonists. However, our policy is to provide a free and open platform for all the cartoonists who have been accepted in our community.
If an image is felt to be hateful or insulting, we’d rather have a frank and open discussion about it instead of censoring the image and thereby avoiding any discussion.
Mocking Israel presents more challenges. We strongly believe the state of Israel and its policies should be open to scrutiny and scathing satire by cartoonists, but we also feel, given the fact that antisemitism is still very much present and widespread in the modern world, there are special considerations to be made.
At the end of last week, a cartoon by Portuguese cartoonist Vasco Gargalo published by Portuguese newspaper Sabado and also uploaded to Cartoon Movement, became the object of outrage and a campaign demanding the firing of the cartoonist and a public apology.
The image uses the harshest analogy possible to condemn Netanyahu’s policy vis-à-vis Palestine. Since the controversy arose, Vasco has faced threats and harassment on an almost daily basis. Defending the image, Vasco says he considers it part of his job ‘to instigate reflection trough controversy.’
Cartoon Movement is based in the Netherlands, where using Holocaust-comparisons as satire is very much frowned upon. We also want to state that this particular image has not, and would not have been, published on our homepage (the curated part of our website).
However, instead of calling for the proverbial tarring and feathering of a cartoonist, we do feel it would be more helpful to have a constructive discussion about how we can criticize the politics of Israel without veering into the realm of (what many feel to be) antisemitism.
Developing an international visual language that allows cartoonists to mock Israel without the need for tropes and stereotypes that are known to be controversial would be beneficial for all, but we'd need a constructive debate to get there, not blind rage.
Tjeerd Royaards, Editor-in-Chief
(Antisemitic drawings: the City of Strasbourg and Courrier international withdraw its prize from Gargalo)
The City of Strasbourg and the weekly Courrier international have "firmly" condemned the anti-Semitic drawings by Portuguese cartoonist Vasco Gargalo, who had received the public prize for "Free pens for democracy", at the World Forum for Democracy last November in Strasbourg.
The City and the weekly say they "just discovered" the cartoons, "including the cartoon of Benjamin Netanyahu" burying "the Palestinians in a crematorium oven, topped with the sinister Auschwitz inscription" Arbeit macht frei "".
They condemn a "heinous amalgam of using the representation of the Holocaust to illustrate the policy of the Israeli government". "It goes without saying that if [we had] been aware of [these] anti-Semitic productions, none of these drawings would have been the subject of a publication or a participation in a prize," the joint statement underlines.
Consequently, out of loyalty “to the values of human rights and democracy”, the City of Strasbourg and Courrier International “today consider that Vasco Gargalo no longer deserves to claim a Prize which promotes these same values , that he has transgressed. "
Vasco Gargalo is a cartoonist regularly published in European newspapers. He received his prize in Strasbourg for a drawing paying homage to Marielle Franco, a Brazilian elected official committed against racism, homophobia and police violence, murdered in March 2018.